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Michael S. Carl

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Michael S. Carl

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• Acting for PT Arpeni Arpeni Ocean Line Tbk, the largest dry bulk shipping company in Indonesia, in one of the most complicated debt restructurings in the history of Indonesia, including a court-supervised Composition Arrangement, Chapter 15 recognition of that Composition Arrangement in the United States, a mandatory exchange offer for high-yield US dollar bonds, and substantial representations in litigations. The deal was recognized by IFLR and Asian-MENA Counsel as a Restructuring Deal of the Year.
• Advising secured creditors class in the court-supervised debt restructuring of PT Berlian Laju Tanker Tbk, the largest court-supervised debt restructuring in the history of Indonesia.
• Advising China Construction Bank in the acquisition of a 60% interest in PT Bank Windu Kentjana International Tbk.
• Representing the Sponsors, principally China Hongqiao Group Ltd., in the development of Indonesia’s first alumina refinery.
• Acting for a Middle Eastern reinsurance company on the acquisition of an Indonesian reinsurance company in a transaction valued at about US$50 million.
• Acting for China Shenhua Energy Company Limited as Indonesian counsel in the successful bids for the Jawa-7 2×1000 MW and SumSel-1 2×300 MW coal-fired power projects.
• Acting as Indonesian counsel for DiDi Chuxing, the largest ride-hailing platform in China, in the acquisition of a substantial stake in Grab Inc.
• Acting for Jardine Lloyd Thompson in the establishment of a business presence in Indonesia and the acquisition of two Indonesian companies engaged in the insurance claims management business.
• Acting for Grab Inc., the leading Southeast Asian provider of ride-hailing services, in the acquisition of Uber’s business and assets in Indonesia.
• Working with a US-based private equity and venture capital firm on two separate transactions involving the acquisition of majority shares in Indonesian data center companies.
• Advising an Asia-based private equity firm with a potential joint investment in an Indonesian broadcasting company, through the acquisition of convertible bonds held by a Hong Kong-based investment firm.
• Acting for SoftBank Vision Fund, the investment fund that invests in invests in growth stage leading companies, in its investment in PT Tokopedia, the leading Indonesian e-commerce market platform, and its investment in Grab. Inc., the leading Southeast Asian provider of ride-hailing services.
• Advising PepsiCo, Inc. on the sale of its stake in and termination of its joint venture in Indonesia with PT Indofood CBP Sukses Makmur (ICBP).
• Acting for Singapore-based Princeton Digital Group (PDG) in the sale of a strategic stake in its data centers business, including data centers in Indonesia.


"Michael S. Carl joined SSEK in 2004 and has more than 20 years of experience practicing law in Southeast Asia. He received his J.D. in 1994 from the University of California, Berkeley (Boalt Hall) School of Law and is a member of the California State Bar. Before joining SSEK, Mr. Carl was associated with international law firm Baker & McKenzie in its Singapore and Bangkok offices, where he represented Indonesian and Thai concerns in US debt and equity offerings and debt restructurings. At SSEK, he specializes in securities, mergers and acquisitions, and banking transactions."


  • University of California, Berkeley - School of Law 1990 - 1994
  • Harvard University
  • University of Hawaii at Manoa

Awards & Recognitions

  • He is recognized by Chambers Asia Pacific as a leading practitioner in the fields of corporate/M&A, projects & natural resources, and telecommunications, and by Chambers Global for corporate/M&A and projects & natural resources. He also has been acknowledged by the International Financial Law Review 1000 as one of Indonesia's top financial and corporate, M&A, banking, restructuring and insolvency, capital markets and project finance lawyers. He is an Asialaw Recommended Lawyer and was named one of the world's leading banking finance and transactional lawyers by Euromoney's Expert Guides. In 2012, Mr. Carl was voted an External Counsel of the Year for Indonesia by the readers of Asian-MENA Counsel.


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